A gradual dislocation of the great toe joint, which causes the movement of the great toe toward the second digit, with a bump on the bone (bunion). Most people believe that shoes cause a bunion, which is not the cause. Around 90% of the bunion deformities are inherited. A bunion deformity is a progressive issue. The longer it exists, the more the great toe moves toward the second toe and the larger the bump becomes.
What are the benefits of minimally Invasive bunion repair?
The benefits of minimally invasive bunion repair include:
- Keyhole incisions which reduce the likelihood of a scar and keep natural stability
- Faster recovery and minimal discomfort
- Avoids unnecessary damage to vital structures, such as vessels, nerves, and tendons
How is minimally invasive surgery different than traditional surgery?
Traditional surgery involves larger incisions, which adds to recovery time and leaves a large scar. In addition, minimally invasive surgery does not involve as much hardware (plates, wires, and screws). Recovery is prolonged with traditional open surgery, whereas minimally invasive surgery has a faster recovery time.
How is the minimally invasive foot surgery done?
The minimally invasive bunion repair surgery involves light sedation and a local anesthetic. The doctor first cleans the skin using an antiseptic, and makes several skin openings to insert a small instrument. Surgical repairs are made using laser technology and small instruments. After the scope is inserted, the incisions are closed using sutures.
What can I expect after the surgery?
Right after the procedure, you will have some decreased range of motion and the foot will be tender. The bunion surgery will leave a scar that heals sooner than traditional bunion surgery. With this new method of repair, the patient is back on his/her feet soon following the procedure. After you awake fully from sedation, you will be sent home with discharge instructions. You cannot soak the foot in a tub or sink, and must avoid prolonged strain on the surgical area.
Can any surgeon perform the minimally invasive bunion repair?
No. Phoenix podiatrists and foot surgeons must be specifically trained in this minimally invasive technique, which requires much reconstructive work. The surgeon must use many surgical tools, and master various surgical techniques in order to perform the procedure. The surgery requires much experience and training by the practitioner, and not all surgeons can perform this procedure.
What is included in post-operative care?
You will have certain things you must abide by post-operatively. These include:
- Keep the dressing dry and do not remove it until your follow-up appointment.
- Cover the foot to keep it dry while you shower/bathe.
- Minimize walking on the foot for 6 weeks.
- Stop smoking to reduce the chances of post-operative complications.
- Exercise and physical therapy are used for restoring range of motion and strengthening the foot.
Is the minimally invasive surgery right for me?
Most people are eligible to have the minimally invasive bunion repair. However, certain deformities may be too large to be corrected using this technique. Before you are scheduled for surgery, you will meet with the doctor to discuss if this method of foot correction is best for you.