15 Nov Minimally Invasive Bunion Surgery
A bunion is a joint deformity that develops at the lower edge of the largest toe. It is usually identified by the bent shape of a person’s big toe towards smaller toes of the foot.
Bunions are a relatively common disorder. It is estimated that at least 1 out of 3 women will develop this condition in their lifetime. About 90% of the time this condition is hereditary. Various methods and techniques are employed to treat it. The most effective of them is surgery. However, traditional surgery is extremely painful and has a long recovery process. Therefore, minimally invasive bunion surgery is considered to be the most preferable solution.
- This version of bunion surgery is not a very long procedure. It takes around thirty minutes to perform it. A typical case would involve the following procedures:
- The patient is admitted to the hospital on the day of the surgery and is put under a mild sedative before the operation.
- The doctor also administers a general anesthesia around the foot which lasts for about 6 to 12 hours.
- This surgery involves the use of very precise and fast moving burrs that can make tiny incisions.
- The doctor makes four 3mm incisions around the toe and cuts the bone with minimal damage to the tissues.
- Then, a wire is passed through the cuts so that the toe can be brought back to its original position.
- Once the toe is in place, the wire is removed and tiny screws are drilled into the bone to hold its place.
- After the surgery is done, the wounds are closed using sutures and a dressing is applied to the foot.
Care after bunion-correction
Patients are advised to rest and put less pressure on their foot after the surgery. If they have to walk, they can use crutches to assist them. Plus, patients should keep the dressing dry and cover their foot while bathing. Certain exercises, like ankle movements and leg, raises, should also be done by the patients to avoid blood clotting.
Benefits of this treatment
Minimally invasive surgery offers the following benefits when compared with its traditional counterpart:
- As very tiny incisions are made during this procedure, the chances of scarring are very low.
- Smaller cuts mean that less damage is done to ligaments and other tissues in the foot.
- The reduced recovery time of this less invasive process is very short.
- The conventional procedure is also very painful.
The wire left inside the foot, to keep the toe in place, is extremely uncomfortable. Not to mention the huge cuts which need to heal after the surgery. The recent process, however, leaves only a small screw inside to hold the bone together. Therefore, the only discomfort experienced by the patients is due to the small cuts that need to heal.
Minimally invasive bunion surgery is the best way to treat bunions with the expertise of a professional doctor. Therefore, before undergoing the surgery, make sure to check the surgeon’s credentials and experience with the procedure.