| What is Diabetic Neuropathy
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What is Diabetic Neuropathy

What is Diabetic Neuropathy

Diabetic neuropathy, a disease mainly causes by diabetes, is a nerve disorder that damages the nerves and blood vessels in the body.  This damage results in problems of the spine, heart, stomach, and kidneys. The term diabetic neuropathy is only used for people who have either Type I or Type II Diabetes, and different nerves are affected in multiple ways. Some of the familiar conditions commonly associated with diabetic neuropathy include Third Nerve Palsy, which is when an individual cannot move his eye due to damage of the cranial nerve.

Diabetic NeuropathyThere is also Mononeuropathy a condition in which a nerve is compressed by either bone or muscle, resulting in a lack of blood to that nerve. And there is Atrophy consisting of muscle pain due to waste and weakening of muscle tissues. A related ailment, Mononeuropathy Multiplex is an almost unbearable aching in the lower back, hips or legs, resulting in the sharp loss of sensory function of the nerves. This loss of function can slowly develop over a number of years.

Polyneuropathy is a disorder that results in a weakness in the hands and feet, in addition to a loss of sensation in the affected areas in those limbs. Some patients complain of burning pain, and others experience a lack of feeling in the limbs. Weakness occurs when multiple nerves within the body malfunction. At times, the patient will step on something sharp and experience no pain and at other times; the patient will experience unexplained pain. These symptoms can appear suddenly or steadily increase over a long period.

Another condition, Autonomic Neuropathy, is a condition in which the visceral nerve is affected. This may affect the heart rate, stomach function, breathing, salivation, perspiration, and blood vessel function. This happens when the arterial blood flow does not adjust the heart rate and the arterial to fails to keep blood flowing to the brain. Fainting spells, when standing up or sitting up rapidly are extremely common when the condition is present.

Sensory Motor Neuropathy is a result of sensory loss in the face.  This effect may also spread to the shoulders and upper arms, affecting the biceps and triceps. Eventually, the limbs may become unusable due to the extreme effects of the neuropathic condition.

Recent studies suggest that about half of all patients with either variety of diabetes will eventually develop the diabetic neuropathic condition. The symptoms may not be present for up to twenty years, and the doctor may not detect the condition during that time.  Most people with symptoms of diabetic neuropathy will not realize the seriousness of the problems until they become permanent.

Diabetic neuropathy is a serious affliction that can be prevented by proper diet, exercise, and weight control. Since diabetes results in diabetic neuropathy, it is important to control diabetes to be able to defeat this disease.

Recognizing the symptoms, such as numbness, pain and tingling, and a burning sensation in the extremities will go a long way toward preventing the permanent damage that will result if left unattended. Type II diabetes is commonly a side effect of obesity and eventually results in diabetic neuropathy for almost all obese individuals.

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