14 Jun Treatment Options for Achilles Tendinitis
About Achilles Tendinitis
Achilles tendinitis is a type of leg injury caused by overuse of the Achilles tendon. The Achilles tendon is responsible for connecting your lower leg calf muscles to your heel bone. With each step you take, the calf muscles and Achilles tendon contract, pulling up the heel bone thus facilitating walking.
Who is most susceptible to Achilles Tendinitis?
Achilles tendinitis frequently occurs with runners who suddenly increase the intensity and duration of their running.
Middle-aged adults that regularly participate in sports requiring either running or jumping can develop Achilles tendinitis as well.
What leads up to Achilles Tendinitis?
The repeated stretching and relaxing of the Achilles tendon can build up stress within and around the tendon. This eventually causes damage to the tendon (tendinosis) and (or) leads to inflammation of the surrounding tissue (paratenonitis).
Signs and Symptoms of Achilles Tendinitis
- Stiffness at the rear of the ankle accompanied by pain that gradually worsens without treatment.
- Tenderness and swelling of the Achilles tendon. When the Achilles tendon is pinched, there follows a distinct feeling of soreness and pain. This sign can tell apart Achilles tendinitis from other forms of heel pain.
- 3. Inflammation of the surrounding tissue (Paratenonitis) is much common among younger people. The symptoms take time to suffice, and can eventually build up to paralyzing pain as the intensity of exercising increases.
- Tendinosis, the presence of tears in the Achilles tendon, is yet another symptom. The prevalence of tendinosis in middle-aged people is characterized by acute pain and restricted walking ability.
It is possible to manage Achilles Tendinitis and ultimately free yourself of all signs and symptoms with this collection of treatments.
Nonsurgical treatment options
Most effective on patients exhibiting symptoms for less than six months.
- Strengthening Exercises
Place the balls of your feet on the edge of a step and slowly lower your body on your injured foot. Use your uninjured foot to lift your body back up. Repeat this motion ten times, and at least twice a day.
However, if the level of pain experienced is critical, it is wiser to alternate between exercises and rest as you give way to the healing process.
- Contrast Baths Therapy
This involves immersing the injured foot in cold water for a duration of time, after which the injured foot is immediately immersed in hot water for a similar period. The contrasting temperatures will work together to reduce the swelling as well as promote healing by increasing blood flow to the injured area.
- Taking Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
NSAIDs are pain reducing drugs (analgesics) that can work to reduce inflammation when taken in high doses. Always consult with a podiatrist for a valid prescription.
- Resting and Incorporating Orthotics
It is important to rest as much as possible and stay off your feet to aid in the healing process. Adding orthotic heel lifts in both shoes shortens the calf muscles, therefore, reducing the amount of strain experienced in the Achilles tendon.
- Applying Achilles tendon Taping
This expert taping technique works best for individuals who have to be on their feet despite undergoing Achilles tendinitis treatment. The taping works to support the Achilles tendon and efficiently takes the strain off the tendon as you walk.
Patients suffering from paratenonitis (inflammation of the surrounding sheath of the Achilles tendon) benefit from surgical treatment. Surgery will involve the injection of a local anesthetic between the surrounding sheath and the tendon to break up scar tissue.
The inflamed surrounding sheath can also be cut out. Any tears in the tendon are also repaired during the surgery.
The recovery period varies depending on the intensity of surgery.
It is advisable to consult with your Arizona podiatrist and undertake a collection of nonsurgical treatments before resorting to any form of surgical treatment.
Visit the top Arizona foot and ankle specialists if you are exhibiting any signs or symptoms of Achilles tendinitis.